Global meridional overturning circulation

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The global meridional overturning circulation (GMOC), also known as the ocean conveyor belt, is a large-scale ocean circulation system that connects the Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans via the Southern Ocean.[1]


  1. Lee, S.-K., Lumpkin, R., Baringer, M. O., Meinen, C. S., Goes, M., Dong, S., et al. (2019) Global Meridional Overturning Circulation Inferred From a Data-Constrained Ocean & Sea-Ice Model Geophysical Research Letters